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Forty years in the past it was only a cluster of small villages mendacity throughout the water from bustling Hong Kong, earlier than it was designated China’s first “particular financial zone”.
Now it is a metropolis of some 11 million individuals and a technological powerhouse – the subsequent Silicon Valley, in line with many.
That additionally means it is the entrance line within the incipient US-China tariff warfare, which is as a lot about know-how as it’s commerce.
:: China accuses ‘hoodlum’ Trump over commerce warfare
Shenzhen constructed its identify on manufacturing low cost electronics for export.
Huaqiangbei is an electronics market that sprawls throughout streets, underground and a number of other storeys excessive.
You should purchase every thing from pc chips to drones, 3D printers, programmable LEDs, bitcoin mining rigs.
However stall homeowners are fearful in regards to the affect of US tariffs on their enterprise.
Li Chunyan, a store proprietor who sells USB followers, informed Sky Information: “If extra tariffs are imposed on Chinese language exports, we can’t export any extra. And if we solely have the Chinese language market to depend on, we have now no enterprise.”
What the US is worried about is not outlets like Mr Li’s; Western shoppers love low cost electronics and the US authorities was comfortable for China, with its traditionally low wages, as a low-tech manufacturing facility for the West.
From that base, although, one thing else has emerged in Shenzhen: a thriving start-up tradition, particularly round .
With fast, simple and low cost entry to elements, tech corporations can experiment shortly – and construct new applied sciences on high of them.
That is how Ubtech, a Chinese language firm that makes humanoid robots, acquired its begin right here. That is probably the most helpful robotics begin up on the planet, price round $5bn (£3.8bn).
Its chief government and founder James Zhou informed Sky Information: “To make robotic , Shenzhen is an excellent place.
“For instance to make a mould within the US or different international locations would take six or eight months. Right here, it is one month.”
Ubtech’s robots vary from miniature dancing toys, to safety robots designed for purchasing centres and airports, to superior bipedal machines that may stroll by themselves, climb stairs and even kick footballs.
That stage of innovation is getting the US nervous – particularly as a result of it is a part of a deliberate technique by China.
Three years in the past, Chinese language President Xi Jinping introduced a brand new plan, referred to as Made in China 2025.
It was a blueprint for Chinese language domination in a number of key industries, together with biotechnology, electrical automobiles and robotics.
The US is fearful about dropping its technological benefit.
And President Donald Trump has argued that the Chinese language authorities offers unfair subsidies and safety to Chinese language corporations, in addition to stealing mental property from American corporations.
Most of the tariffs he is introduced are focused immediately at Made In China 2025 – together with new import duties on robotics.
Definitely, the Chinese language authorities is encouraging personal corporations.
“China is totally a market economic system,” Mr Zhou informed Sky Information.
“However the authorities performs a number one function on the similar time. For instance, the federal government helps you with promotion, with consciousness, with encouragement and creating a great enterprise setting. The federal government provides a non secular lead.”
Lately the Chinese language authorities has tried to minimize Made in China 2025 – at the least in public.
Media retailers in China have been not too long ago ordered to not point out the technique in any respect “or there will likely be penalties”, in line with official directions leaked to the China Digital Instances.
However China will not hand over its plans: even when the federal government wished to, personal corporations themselves are pursuing it simply as aggressively for their very own survival.
Meaning the commerce or know-how warfare between the US and China is not mere tit-for-tat. It is one thing far more elementary – and a lot tougher to resolve too.
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